Nanotechnology: Fictional works or Actuality.
The Ethical Problems Involved In Nigeria
Teachers of Computing and Techniques
Department of Computing and IT
Baze University, Abuja, Nigeria.
Nanotechnology is gradually learning to be a global sensation, and produced countries happen to be slowly trading largely with this eon- old technology. To be able to manipulate supplies in a nanoscale opens up a number of benefits in different areas of life such as medication, energy, and agriculture, while this conventional paper will show. Even though nanotechnology has been given undue compliment and discrimination at the same time, something is certain; this paper is of the stand that nanotechnology is a pressure which will condition the world of another day. If poorly controlled or deployed yet , the environment, as well as its inhabitants stand the risk of getting mutilated. Growing countries will be yet to totally grasp and accept idea, and this conventional paper shows a lot of ethical reasons why, particularly in the case of the Nigerian state. Keywords: Nanotechnology, Nigeria, nano, nanoscience.
" My own judgment is that the nanotechnology revolution provides the potential to alter America over a scale corresponding to, if not really greater than, the computer revolution. ” — U. S. Senator Ron Wyden (D-Ore. ) The term " Nano” originates from the Greek term, " Nānos”, which means little, or little old man. In English terms, it means " extremely small”, whereas the mathematicians and scientists identify it in nanoscale as " one billionth”, or perhaps 10−9 (nanosecond, nanomole, nanometres) (The Cost-free Dictionary, 2014). Nanotechnology is usually science, engineering, and technology conducted at the nanoscale. The study and application of extremely minute products, which slashes across all the other science domains, such as hormone balance, biology, physics, materials research, and executive, is known as Nanotechnology and Nanoscience. Nanoscale contaminants are not new in possibly nature or perhaps science. Nevertheless , the new advancements in areas these kinds of like microscopy include given experts new tools to understand and take advantage of tendency that take place naturally when ever matter is usually organized at the nanoscale. Additionally , the fact that a majority of neurological processes happen at the nanoscale gives experts models and templates to assume and build new techniques that can grow their work in treatments, imaging, computing, printing, substance catalysis, components synthesis, and many more fields. Nanotechnology is not merely working in ever small dimensions; somewhat, working at the nanoscale allows scientists to use the unique physical, chemical, mechanical, and optic properties of materials that naturally take place at that scale (National Nanotechnology Initiative, 2014). However , Nanowerk (2014) highlights that many meanings of Nanotechnology exist which in turn lay focus on the study and control of tendency and supplies at span scales below 100 nanometres, and often make an evaluation with a man hair, which can be about 70, 000 nanometres wide. A few definitions add a reference to molecular systems and devices. Nanotechnology 'purists' argue that any meaning of nanotechnology needs to include a reference to " functional systems". Another criteria pertaining to the definition may be the requirement that the nano-structure is man-made. Normally every classification would have to contain every obviously formed biomolecule and materials particle, in effect, leads to redefining much of biochemistry and biology and molecular biology while " Nanotechnology”. The most vital requirement for the nanotechnology description is that the nano-structure has exceptional properties that are exclusively due to the nanoscale ratios. A good explanation that is functional and unconstrained by any arbitrary dimensions are as as a result: The design, characterization, production, and application of constructions, devices, and systems by controlled manipulation of size and shape at the nanometre scale (atomic, molecular, and macromolecular scale)...
References: Biswas, P. and C. -Y Wu. (2005). ‘Nanoparticles plus the environment'. Log of the Atmosphere & Waste materials Management Connection: 55, 708-746.
Borm, L., and G. Muller-Schulte. 2006. ‘Nanoparticles in drug delivery and environmental exposure: same size, same risks? ' Nanomedicine: 1(2), 235-249.
Cientifica (2007). Halfway to the trillion Dollar marketplace? A Critical Overview of the Konzentrationsausgleich of Nanotechnologies. London, 04 2007.
CNN (2011). Nigerian senate goes by anti-gay costs. Available at: www.cnn.com/2011/11/30/world/africa/africa-gay-rights/. Accessed (17th July, 2014).
Daine Aston (2011). ‘Nanotechnology: The products of scientific research fiction, or science fact', where might nanomaterials provide. pp 73-74.
Debasmita Patra, Haribabu Ejnavarzala, and Prajit K. Basu (March, 2009). ‘Current Science'. Nanoscience and nanotechnology: moral, legal, sociable and environmental issues. Vol 96, No . 5, g 651 and 652.
Doug Brown (2002). NANO LITTERBUGS? EXPERTS DISCOVER
POTENTIAL POLLUTION PROBLEMS
Henkel (2013). Liable approach to nanotechnology. Available at: http://www.henkel.com/sustainability/responsible-approach-to-nanotechnology-29462.htm. Accessed (18th July, 2014).
Nanotechnology Right now (2009). Photography equipment Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. Available at: http://www.nanotech-now.com/columns/?article=370. Reached (17th July, 2014).
Nanowerk. Definition- What is nanotechnology? Available at: http://www.nanowerk.com/nanotechnology/introduction/introduction_to_nanotechnology_1.php#ixzz376SgRpcT (Accessed 16 Come july 1st, 2014)
Countrywide Nanotechnology Initiative (2014)
Countrywide Nanotechnology Effort (2014). Nanotechnology Timeline. Offered by http://www.nano.gov/you/ethical-legal-issues (Accessed 16 Come july 1st, 2014)
Meters. Gail Williams, et ing
Ohio College or university, College of Arts and Sciences Forum (2013). Seperating fact coming from fiction in nanotechnology. Available at: http://www.ohio-forum.com/2013/10/separating-fact-from-fiction-in nanotechnology/ Accessed (17th July, 2014).
Vicki Colvin (2006). Accountable Nanotechnology: Seeking Beyond the good thing. Article LINK: http://www.eurekalert.org/context.php?context=nano&show=essays&essaydate=1102. Reached (15th July, 2014).