Cjs 230 Week 8
Rehabilitation Earlier and Present
Aug 18, 2013
Rehabilitation Previous and Present
Many years before, rehabilitation was a priority inside the prison system. After the focus shifted to punishment, it absolutely was clear to see that rehabilitation is necessary in the criminal justice system. " Treatment is the consequence of any planned intervention that reduces a great offender's even more criminal activity, whether that reduction is mediated by simply personality, tendencies, abilities, perceptions, values, or other factorsвЂќ (Foster, 2006, p. 382). Prisons work with rehabilitation in an attempt to retrain offenders in a way that they may be no longer a threat to society, although instead, convert them in productive, law-abiding citizens. " Until the mid-1970s, rehabilitation was obviously a key element of U. H prison policy. Prisoners were encouraged to formulate occupational expertise and to handle psychological problems--such as substance abuse or aggression--that might interfere with their reintegration into societyвЂќ (Benson, 2003). Once therapy faded out of the picture and harsher punishments were forced, the inmate population within just prisons jumped. When prisons first opened up, the target was to make the offenders regret their actions to the point that they change their techniques. Once manual labor was introduced to the prison system, it absolutely was more important to implement than rehabilitation as it helped pull in revenue. The inmates as well reduce the expense of labor which the prisons were required to pay employees by having to accomplish maintenance, preparing food, and virtually any tasks the prisons saw fit. It was later learned that many offenders suffered from some kind of mental illness or perhaps were unfounded. This lead to psychological remedying of the emotionally ill and educating the offenders. These kinds of programs were considered a form of rehabilitation. The present rehabilitation applications consist of drug abuse treatment, thinking patterns, faith-based programs, operate, and the whole-person concept (Foster, 2006, g. 394-395). " The...
References: Benson, Elizabeth. (2003). Rehabilitate or punish?. Retrieved coming from http://www.apa.org
Burk Foster. (2006). Corrections: The basic principles. Retrieved via Burk Foster, CJS230-Introduction to Corrections web page.
National Museum of Criminal offense & Punishment. (2008). Healing Effects of Imprisonment. Retrieved coming from http://www.crimemuseum.org